Preparing for Disasters 3

Useful household items to have around the house in a disaster


Items that will be necessary at the evacuation center, etc.

  • Drinking water: 3 liters/person/day x for 7 days x number of family members
  • Food (enough to last 7 – 10 days)
  • Gas cartridge stove (with spare cartridges)
  • Hot packs
  • Slippers
  • Portable toilets or plastic bags
  • Brooms and dustpans
  • Tarpaulin sheets
  • Water containers, luggage trolleys
  • Shovels, crowbars, jacks, axes, and saws

Recounted Experiences


Hydration is the most important thing. Canned products and other food that can be eaten without cooking are convenient.

It is useful to have boil-in-the-bag food that can be eaten as is. Chocolate and other sweet snacks are nice to have, because one gets tired of eating just emergency provisions.

There is usually a shortage of fresh vegetables, so it is a good idea to keep freeze-dried vegetables, vegetable juices, and vitamin supplements on hand.

Advice from the victims

Do not discard the bath water or throw away plastic bottles (especially large ones) right away.

Take the direction in which the building sways during an earthquake into consideration when deciding how to arrange furniture. Do not block the evacuation path out of the house with furniture.

It is essential to have spare cartridges for gas cartridge stoves as well as spare batteries and mobile phone chargers ? the more the better.

Walk home from your workplace at least once to familiarize yourself with the route for in case of emergency.

Replenish your vehicle’s gas tank as soon as it becomes half-empty.

Keep a fair amount of cash on hand at all times, since long power outages will virtually ensure that only cash can be used.

Know the location of payphones and facilities that provide drinking water (such as parks) in your neighborhood.

Supervising Editor:Earthquake Disaster Prevention Advisor Mr. Nobumasa Kawabata

(Updated May 2018)