Preparing for Disasters 1

Measures to take in normal times

  • Check your house and building’s earthquake resistance and make improvements as necessary
  • Consider the expected damage due to your surrounding environment and take appropriate measures
  • Investigate nearby evacuation sites and evacuation routes (confirm the locations and routes by actually walking there)
  • Decide who will accompany infants and elderly/infirm family members during an evacuation

Safety measures within the house

  • Make sure there are some safe spaces away from tall furniture
  • Do not put televisions or glass objects in high places
  • Take measures to prevent furniture from falling or toppling over
  • Do not place objects at entrances/exits or in passageways
  • Do not put furniture that could fall over in bedrooms or rooms used by children or seniors
  • Stick shatter-proof film to window glasses

What to take with you when evacuating


  • If there is an immediate risk of fire
  • The house seems about to collapse
  • If evacuation orders have been issued


1. What to wear

  • Helmet/safety hood
  • Gloves
  • Thick boots
  • Mask

2. What to take with you in a knapsack

  • Drinking water (500ml per family member)
  • Towels, underwear, socks
  • Diapers, baby food, baby milk
  • Portable food (cookies, chocolate, energy bar, etc.)
  • Toilet paper, tissues, wet tissues
  • Dentures, contact lenses, eyeglasses
  • Portable radio
  • Any medications that needs to be taken
  • Insurance certificates, notepads
  • Flashlight
  • Sanitary products/feminine hygiene products
  • Mobile phone
  • Hot packs
  • Whistle
  • Plastic bags
  • Cash