Injuries that are typically anticipated in a disaster are bleeding due to cuts, fractures, and burns.
It is useful, therefore, to know how to give basic first aid.
In case of bleeding
Put on gloves or cover your hands with plastic bags to prevent infecting the patient.
Substitutes for gloves
- Plastic bags
- Cellophane wrap
In case of a fracture
Splints should brace the fracture from the inside and outside (splints should be longer than the distance between the joints on either side of the fracture.)
Stabilize the joints on either side of the fracture.
Other things that can be used to stabilize the joints
Put the arm in a sling.
In case of a burns
If the burn is under a layer of cloth, do not attempt to peel the cloth off. Leave the cloth as it is and cool the wound as soon as possible by holding it under clean running water for 10-30 minutes.
After cooling, place a clean piece of gauze or towel over the wound and get to a first-aid station. A coolant or a plastic bag filled with ice wrapped with a towel, helps alleviate the pain.
Blisters serve to protect the wound, so be careful not to break them.
Exercise caution if soaking the wound directly in ice water or if directly applying ice to it, as this could cause frostbite.
Supervising Editor:Earthquake Disaster Prevention Advisor Mr. Nobumasa Kawabata
(Created June 2015)